Explanation: 15-30 Minutes
Present a mini-lecture, review through questioning, show a short video clip, carry out a demonstration, etc. The goal in the explanation phase is to activate prior knowledge, present new info, and to identify the specific objectives and tasks the students are to complete.
Application: 40-60 Minutes
In application, the teacher applies active learning strategies such as: Socratic seminars, learning centers, small group work, Internet research, simulations, labs, etc.
Synthesis: 15-30 Minutes
In the synthesis phase, the teacher helps students connect both the explanation and application phases. Students reflect and review and the teacher uses this time to assess and reteach the students as needed.
Verbs for Explanation Phase:
Verbs for Application Phase:
define, describe, name, memorize, repeat, summarize, review, predict, infer, explain, discuss.
analyze, criticize, differentiate, model, test, apply, computer, demonstrate, sketch, write
Verbs for Synthesis Phase:
argue, conclude, judge, evaluate, construct, design, create, revise, rewrite, compose.
1. Define depth of field
2. Demonstrate how to achieve shallow and wide depths of field with a Canon T3i camera
3. Create an infographic or teaching tool that explains the concept of depth of field to other students
Google - Bloom's Taxonomy Action Verbs.
You Will Find Something Like This
GREAT Planning Tool
Leave a comment! Let's get a little asynchronous conversation going.
1. How has teaching in 45 minute periods affected your ability to take students to high levels of thinking?
2. How will teaching in a longer block of time (say 90 minutes or so) change the way you plan? Change the way students think?
3. What do you think about the timeframes laid out by Canady and Rettig? Too long, too short?